Dental science, also referred to as dental medicine and dental science, is a field of medicine which focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and care of dental diseases, disorders, and abnormalities of the maxillofacial (face-to-face) mouth. Dental science includes diagnosis, treatment, prevention and care of a wide variety of disorders and diseases of the mouth and teeth. This includes Periodontal disease, Gingivectomy and dental surgery, oral pathology, dental physiology and dental anatomy, dental endodontics and periodontics. It also includes the education in endodontics, periodontics and general dentistry. These courses are available at various universities and colleges all over the country.
Dental treatment includes orthodontic or surgical treatment for disorders of the bones, tissues, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves of the mouth and teeth. Orthodontists provide services like straightening, wearing of braces, peridontic therapy, dental implants and appliances, porcelain veneers, tooth implants and more. Oral surgeons, on the other hand, perform procedures like removal of infected tissues, sutures removal, anesthesia use, removal of infected teeth and more. They also provide treatment for the associated diseases like gum diseases and periodontitis.
Dental health care is concerned with preventative dentistry. This involves examination, assessment, management and prevention of various types of dental problems and diseases before they develop into worse ones. Dentists usually use a combination of their knowledge and skills like advanced endodontics and root canal therapy, in the process of providing preventive dentistry. To prevent tooth decay, regular screenings are performed and when detected, appropriate solutions are applied.
One important branch of dentistry is facial nerve dentistry, also called bleaching dentistry. This specializes in the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of facial nerve pain that results from injury, surgery or disease of the jaw, face and neck. Pain can affect the function of your upper and lower jawbones, cause headaches, dizziness and even fainting. The affected area is treated using endodontic techniques or open reduction procedures.
Dental professionals who specialize in dental medicine include dentists, dental hygienists, oral surgeons and dentists. All of them have specialized training in the field of dentistry. Dentists perform dental procedures like taking, processing, repairing and diagnosing dental diseases through laboratory tests and clinical examinations. Hygienists are responsible for maintaining a patient’s oral hygiene by preventing and eliminating dental diseases through regular check-ups and cleaning. Oral surgeons carry out surgical procedures and surgical instruments to correct and reconstruct the dental structure.
Dental surgeons perform a variety of dental procedures and perform them in a surgical setting. For example, a surgeon might perform a root canal in order to treat infected roots. The surgeon might use general anesthesia to help reduce pain and facilitate recovery. Before performing any surgery, dentists review their patient’s medical history and conduct several laboratory tests, take x-rays and analyze teeth for disease or injury.